The Future Of Reasoning

  Ganger 3,810,687

Vsauce

15 dager siden

This video was created in partnership with Bill Gates and was inspired by his new book “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster.” Find out more here: gatesnot.es/3t1u93B
LINKS TO LEARN MORE:
my twitter: tweetsauce
my instagram: electricpants
The extended mind thesis: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_mind_thesis
MinuteEarth video on how greenhouse gasses work: nowindow.info/cloud/video/qoepooCbnKmvi5s.html
Molecule animations from molcalc.org
"The Enigma of Reason" by Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber: www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674237827
"Do You Know Yourself?" Mind Field S1E8 nowindow.info/cloud/video/mWWhmG96p4iFi58.html
Hyperobects:
www.upress.umn.edu/book-division/books/hyperobjects
nowindow.info/cloud/video/eqR2qXCqh5dmfas.html
Jonathan Haidt's famous "emotional dog" paper about moral reasoning:
www.rudygarns.com/class/neuroethics/lib/exe/fetch.php/a/haidt.2001.emotional_dog_rational_tail.pdf
Cognitive Niche: www.pnas.org/content/107/Supplement_2/8993#:~:text=In%20biology%2C%20a%20%E2%80%9Cniche%E2%80%9D,cause%2Dand%2Deffect%20reasoning%20and
Lottocracy:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sortition
www.coursera.org/lecture/revolutionary-ideas-borders-elections-constitutions-prisons/lecture-7-4-0-the-lottocracy-VL69f
Visual system diagram by RATZNIUM en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_system#/media/File:ERP_-_optic_cabling.jpg
SONGS USED
in order of appearance
all from audionetwork unless otherwise noted
Chillout Lounge
The Crescent
Political Manoeuvres
Pagan Forest Choir
Moon Men (Jake Chudnow)
Glowing Moon 3
Lazy Daze
Innate Knowledge
Houston Keys
Moon Men (Jake Chudnow)
Chillout Lounge
They're Coming
I Can See the Sea
Mysterious Island
Urban Lands
For Leah (Jake Chudnow)
I'll Send You A Post Card _ What My Nervous Stomach Sounds Like (Jake Chudnow)
Going Down (Jake Chudnow)
Lonely Night 2
Turquoise (Jake Chudnow)

Kommentarer
J R C
J R C 25 sekunder siden
This makes me question everything
Geekspeak10
Geekspeak10 38 minutter siden
If u talk about abolishing cows I’m out
Ben Green
Ben Green Time siden
Fun anecdote: I used the fact that the average of the guesses on the number of jelly beans in a jar tends to be better than any of the guesses themselves to win a jar of jelly beans. The guesses were not hidden, so I eliminated outliers and averaged the rest. This value was off by 3 beans.
Megan Combs
Megan Combs Time siden
i would guess 0 for the jellybeans jar so, good luck with your crowd wisdom!
Kahlin Walker
Kahlin Walker 2 timer siden
Lottocracy sounds awesome, but it seems it would take a miracle to suggest, let alone establish such a government.
Butcher
Butcher 2 timer siden
Please do a video about housing expansion and moving people from neighborhoods to cities and countries. Do people move to the north or south with a miniature research? I would love to watch your explanation
asioe kiou
asioe kiou 59 minutter siden
Of course someone is looking at someone married. But for another reason. There is no way to position these 3 lads in a way that everyone can only see one person.
Sean
Sean 4 timer siden
My dream was always that we reduced the workweek to 4 days and the fifth day is Democracy Day, where folks gather to discuss ideas and current events.
ohno
ohno 4 timer siden
Oh darn, Bill “Epstein Flight Logs” Gates has corrupted poor Vsauce, there is an imposer amoogus
Deirdre Kylie
Deirdre Kylie 5 timer siden
It's very hard to reason about and absorb such fascinating and sophisticated information about hyper objects and reason while a presenter carries on in such an overexcited manner. Give the audience credit - we're interested enough to watch in the first place. It's not necessary to keep our monkey-derived brains captivated with monkey like hyperactive presentations. This interesting video works against itself with this condescending presentation style. Jingling the shiny keys too much keeps us from actually looking at the keys. I think we who are interested in topics like reasoning and the complexity of contemporary society and hyperobjects needn't that much help staying interested. This is a fascinating subject so I still give a thumbs up. I wish there was a calm, no background music version so my logic and reason could stay better engaged.
T J
T J 5 timer siden
"We need zero emissions" Oh.. "I've partnered with Bill Gates" OH.
Insanityltself
Insanityltself 5 timer siden
He didnt ask me where my fingers were but its close enough.
suburbans nation
suburbans nation 5 timer siden
Once you involved that bastard BILL GATES; I STOPPED WATCHING YOUR VIDEOS !!! YOu capitalist bastard !
Colm Whelan
Colm Whelan 5 timer siden
What was the epic guitar riff?
Tiget
Tiget 6 timer siden
To anyone watching this in the future: *I am telling you that there was a global pandemic in the years 2020-2021* *Or was there?*
Ali Elmoussa
Ali Elmoussa 6 timer siden
his introduction "hey, vsauce" bothers me alot. hes a cool guy tho
Clay
Clay 6 timer siden
My source? It came to me in a dream
XVVI
XVVI 6 timer siden
I'm late. My apologies ladies and gentlemen, I wasn't aware that our semi-annual Vsauce convention was scheduled to take place 2 weeks earlier than expected.
Terry
Terry 6 timer siden
I love abc burgers their hot dogs are really great
Oliver Quinn
Oliver Quinn 6 timer siden
It all comes down to typography 23:50 🤦‍♂️
PiGeOn_ThE_bRiT
PiGeOn_ThE_bRiT 6 timer siden
hey, let me know if you're watching this in say, 5 years time
Anon Anon
Anon Anon 6 timer siden
Of course someone is looking at someone married. But for another reason. There is no way to position these 3 lads in a way that everyone can only see one person.
Activehamster
Activehamster 6 timer siden
16.9m subscribers. Now micheal is officially a cool kid 😎
Jacob Cunningham-Bell
Jacob Cunningham-Bell 6 timer siden
Our great filter will be our deficit in true spirituality, or connection with the divine
Just Some Guy with a Mustache
Just Some Guy with a Mustache 7 timer siden
Vsauce : Everything i say in my videos is TRUE....... ............or is it?! (dramatically lift eyebrows)
IronMonkeyPimp
IronMonkeyPimp 7 timer siden
anyone know what watch he is wearing ?
nikOLAS1322
nikOLAS1322 8 timer siden
You ignore the dimension of politics! You miss a fundamental distinction. Reasoning about the natural world is different than reasoning about a social issue. The first can be scientific and the second is subjective and political by nature.
Profile Chech
Profile Chech 8 timer siden
There is a problem with wisdom of a crowd: they also need to know subject well, not just random it
ElsYT
ElsYT 9 timer siden
That intro was perfectly smooth. Jumping in at the start of the first beat bump (speaking of syncronization).
deli meat
deli meat 9 timer siden
yay,,,, with t e e t h
eladentopistevo
eladentopistevo 10 timer siden
UBER awesome!! Thanks from the bottom of my heart. Really
Fabian Akbar Nugraha
Fabian Akbar Nugraha 10 timer siden
The future of reasoning is that it will become the next great filter, not our chaotic economy, not the state of the government, not even the state of our planet, but our own human psyche. The great filter almost feels like a rite of passage into adulthood. When we think of becoming an adult we often think about responsibilities, relationships, copulation, when it almost feels like a huge test. For the past few years you've been through as a child you've accumulated many knowledge and gone through many experience that will eventually solidify you as a "person" in adulthood, but not without passing through a FILTER. What that filter is can vary from one person to another but it mostly boils down to facing your worst enemy, yourself. When a child is pointed out a major flaw about themselves they often choose to ignore it or flat out deny it. An adult will come face to face with their flaw and either fix it or use it to their advantage, forwarding their status from child to adult. They've made it past the FILTER. The human has many built in features that helps them survive and will eventually serve as their own filter. Reasoning is the an evolutionary advancement to cope with human's (then) biggest problem, another human. Reasoning allows multiple highly intelligent species to coexist. But most coping mechanisms don't last long and eventually become another big source of problem. We've become biased, from being used to tie us together, reasoning evolved to turn us more individualistic than ever. The media was made to tie more people together than ever before, the internet is no different. And just like how media evolved to become a source to spread people's individualism (different brands, companies, etc), the internet went from a source for many people to seek answers to a place where many individuals to share their own biased answers. So we've established that reasoning is the great filter, today it's used to sharpen individuals instead of bringing them together, resulting in infinite amounts of different individuals making it harder for us to come to a common conclusion, instead it makes us come up with our conclusions. From different countries with different cultures, to different individuals with numerous amounts of biased beliefs and traits. And as you said, the way we can pass through this filter is we have to look back to the roots of reasoning. And instead of trying to fix it or purge it, we have to use it to our advantage. Fixing it means we have to select very, very, very few people to become the source of solution and answer. Using it to our advantage means that our different opinions and beliefs can be used as a legitimate option to decide how society moves forward Whatever the solution might be, we can't stay as how we are now. Different opinions and beliefs causes conflicts. These conflicts are our doom when the solution is made by the wrong people. In our state, it feels like we're a child that's given a plasma rifle gun(reasoning). We either can be childish and toy with it and eventually kill ourselves accidentally or on purpose, or we can grow up and act responsibly. Another perspective to consider, becoming an adult means you are responsible for all the knowledge you've accumulated throughout your childhood. We can either use reasoning responsibly, or let it be our own destruction.
Tobias Grijsen
Tobias Grijsen 11 timer siden
The idea of a random group of people elected, was an idea i came up with like 2 years ago... A group of 1000 people shifting every say week or month, where there are people from different parts of the industry, health care etc, just a group of people and their judgement, together finding an option or recommendation.. Sounds Good, loved the video Michael!
Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller 11 timer siden
"hey vsauce, Michael here. Where is your mind?" *Cue The Pixies guitar intro*
Verde Lima
Verde Lima 11 timer siden
Returning responsabilities to people, not giving your own power to someone else. That would be cool
scoot
scoot 11 timer siden
24:50 the captions _"suggets"_
tobmewyou
tobmewyou 11 timer siden
we dont agree cause garbage makes money quick. And the money continues to make garbage> simple and plain reasoning and logic. Cognition to speak up! yup crowd! reasoning! and no name no face no corporation. we wanna our nickels and dimes for the work we do to recycles. nano biocidal genocidal masked pollution invasion. climate change my ass! free to choose to be free
Dyllan Anderson
Dyllan Anderson 11 timer siden
"An oligarchy is government by only a small number of people." Ah yes, the electoral college.
tobmewyou
tobmewyou 11 timer siden
ontario doesnt even give a can its nickleback give me a break
Raif Barrett
Raif Barrett 11 timer siden
I know, if people would just love Jesus, everything would be great. People, am I right?
Alyssa Fanella
Alyssa Fanella 11 timer siden
Is there a reason why so many people dislike Bill Gates other than the fact that he’s wealthy? I was under the impression that this dude is the reason why so much of our scientific research and global health projects get funded, am I wrong? I’m just genuinely curious why I hear so many people particularly in my college-aged group say that he’s evil, and if someone could explain that would be fabulous.
Holy_Aura
Holy_Aura 11 timer siden
Hey Michael the reason why we haven’t found intelligent life beyond earth is because the invasion already happened a very long time ago
Spaze Man1234
Spaze Man1234 12 timer siden
For the people in 2050 Australia was on fire
Solgato Blogopogo
Solgato Blogopogo 12 timer siden
Switch to Vandana Shiva!
Klishé
Klishé 13 timer siden
Y como queres que hagamos para cambiar las cosas si los que toman las decisiones y tienen todo el poder nunca lo van a querer soltar? Los guillotinamos a todos y listo? O sea si concordamos entre todos que esa es la que va yo la banco pero bueno, hagamos un meet, algo.
Marcus D
Marcus D 13 timer siden
Hello person from the future in NOwindow’s recommended videos
Anas Zahid
Anas Zahid 13 timer siden
Did anyone else notice he's watch dissappearing and reappearing?
Ian Gibbons
Ian Gibbons 13 timer siden
This man really knows how to use eyebrows...or...DOES he?...
Baactiba
Baactiba 14 timer siden
My gosh, a VSAUCE upload, ON MY BIRTHDAY!?!?
rose ッ
rose ッ 14 timer siden
Hello future humans... or
Andrew Burrow
Andrew Burrow 14 timer siden
Great to see some recognition of The Enigma of Reason which is a fantastic book
RKK /\
RKK /\ 15 timer siden
15:36 features or self preservation for sure
Rani Lumbansiantar
Rani Lumbansiantar 15 timer siden
♥️
Silver fox boi
Silver fox boi 15 timer siden
Whats a way to contact Michael, being messages directed to you get deleted within minutes.
RarestSpark 2
RarestSpark 2 15 timer siden
Did he just solve America?
60FPS
60FPS 16 timer siden
up to 2:50, alot of this is because of civilization and advancement. we need to live in a natural ecosystem and stop paving. or atleast be more efficient with how it is done. farming is also bad, we need to replant trees and fruit and whatever else we can and take down fences and either build houses or dig / inhabit caves. technology is fun but doesnt work, coming from someone who spends days playing games or thinking about things like that. how we can increase efficiency. i knew there would be a modern global despair based on population density. tdlr cities = detroit, towns = weird dystopian slums that a rock star grew up in the 70s. basically if you take I-50 from Kansas City to Saint Louis, and you go anywhere other than generally sightseeing highways, you have entered a new world. NEVER go to the lake of the OZARKS, (the 200 year old graveyards are irrelevant due to sediment and water pressure) but NOT fish, motor oil, exhaust fume, BOTTLES OF UNDILUTED weed killer that is supposed to be a cup to a gallon or 2.. i didnt want to sound like a conspiracist so i cut the part about how white collar tourism people hide that around the us. but nobody knows theres ecoli, fresh dead bodies, plenty of big aggressive fish, and all of the diverse types of pollution you need. ('NT!)
Arturo E. R. C.
Arturo E. R. C. 16 timer siden
Insane good content as always 👍
a human
a human 16 timer siden
This is quite possibly your greatest work
Lama Su
Lama Su 17 timer siden
All these dummies in the comments trying to act smart.
Ciornyj Vrot
Ciornyj Vrot 17 timer siden
" When will Vsauce run out of introduction originality "Hey, Vsauce, Michael here." "
Daniel Nwakaihe
Daniel Nwakaihe 17 timer siden
"This guy don't miss"
August_ZE_dumlump fortnite playah
August_ZE_dumlump fortnite playah 18 timer siden
im losing brain cells or am i
Luqrative Entertainment
Luqrative Entertainment 18 timer siden
i like this topic so much, i watch this video more than 5 time
Quadstar Design
Quadstar Design 20 timer siden
6:40 That was the most "conservative" reasoning for a "liberal" movement I have ever heard.
Shwifty Blot
Shwifty Blot 20 timer siden
⚡️Techno Cyber Sapienz💠🪐
marshallhwa
marshallhwa 20 timer siden
tell that to israel and palestain
Ryan Bird
Ryan Bird 20 timer siden
You really want to learn about the mind, go watch Bob Proctor. This Bill Gates shill is the NOwindow version of MSM. He'll heave information at you, but provide nothing of real value.
Mike Lee
Mike Lee 21 time siden
When was the last time.... you slept?
Koen Ahn
Koen Ahn 21 time siden
Mary is divorced
El Tomas
El Tomas 21 time siden
Clearly this channel and it's mouthpiece has sold out to climate propaganda. Unsubscribe from this nonsense and subscribe to real science.
Snowjunkie
Snowjunkie 21 time siden
Realistically a better model would be one employing lotteries for certain positions, but where the foundation of the system as a whole is people deliberating as a group about issues, and working as a group to tackle problems and make policy.
SkyDiggityDive
SkyDiggityDive 22 timer siden
Everyone who disliked the video all went to watch Ben Shapiro
Chris Harwood
Chris Harwood 22 timer siden
You lost me at bill covid gates.
Jigmet Dewa
Jigmet Dewa 22 timer siden
The thing that has been frustrating me is that what is life, what's the goal of it and what's after enlightenment?!
CopBabyCombo
CopBabyCombo 22 timer siden
9:45 exactly what the girl that thinks i'm gay was thinking. BTW i'm not gay She said I looked gay, :(
Michael
Michael 22 timer siden
We reason better than other species because we have complex speech so we can teach and learn about it. Uneducated or those lacking intelligence are not going to have the best reasoning.
Ethan Jensen
Ethan Jensen 22 timer siden
People vote their temperament.
Aaron Meighoo
Aaron Meighoo 22 timer siden
Does anyone else feel like they've seen this video before or is it just me? It hit me between 19:00 and 20:00
HARUNIS
HARUNIS 22 timer siden
This really should be played in schools.
Dank Plays
Dank Plays 22 timer siden
Am i the only one that is wondering why is Michael is looking towards his left and right? Like is he reading a script?
Robert Spears III
Robert Spears III 23 timer siden
Why isn't there an order of operation in writing like there is in math?
Cody Chattin
Cody Chattin 23 timer siden
Too bad he works for bill gates.
Nesano
Nesano 23 timer siden
A partnership with Bill Gates? So this entire video is compromised. Great.
EloquentTroll
EloquentTroll 23 timer siden
You explaining that people don't consciously examine people's appearance to determine their mood is not correct for me at least. Then again I'm autistic so kinda needed.
Ron Cardenas
Ron Cardenas 23 timer siden
I watched this video 1 week before it was released
Jolk Malpez
Jolk Malpez Dag siden
Man, I love your videos!
Tibor Bálint
Tibor Bálint Dag siden
Just commenting to boost the NOwindow engagement algorithm, so maybe more people will see this video. :)
nomis netalp
nomis netalp Dag siden
I like the idea of the Lottocracy, however i want to challenge your reasoning behind it. In the video you envisioned a group of people chosen at random to decide certain matters of politics. But to get them to make an informed decision they need some instance to inform them about the matter at hand. But this information will have to come from other people who will be able to influence the decisionmaking. This problem can be observed in the US-american juridical system. Usually the person with the rhetorically better attorney will win in court, not the person who is factually right.
Jon Thornburg
Jon Thornburg Dag siden
This seems very political to me That lottery government idea is definitely something to reason about though
Ask to seduce Miss
Ask to seduce Miss 23 timer siden
I legit enjoyed this
Upen Shenoy
Upen Shenoy Dag siden
Lottocracy? Really? We have a fundamental problem of religious ideology to solve first, without which Lottocracy will end up being a slaughter fest
Eric Pomeroy
Eric Pomeroy Dag siden
An antidote to all of the negative outlooks... www.goodreads.com/book/show/52452808-ten-global-trends-that-every-smart-person-needs-to-know
HOWEVER
HOWEVER Dag siden
Ludopsychohyperchronoentropia - the distance in time between two consecutive Vsauce videos
Just Some Guy with a Mustache
Just Some Guy with a Mustache 7 timer siden
hahaxdrofllmfaololol
Just Some Guy with a Mustache
Just Some Guy with a Mustache 7 timer siden
This deserves more likes
The Abstraction
The Abstraction Dag siden
Me after the video: cool, can’t wait to see people thoughts and opinions in the comments! The comments: lol recommendations am I right
Hara Kumar
Hara Kumar Dag siden
I liked the parts of the video that talked about how human reasoning works and the possible evolutionary reasons for its quirks, but I feel something is missing from this discussion: the scientific method. The enlightenment and the "age of reason" it awakened placed great emphasis on the scientific method, which put our theories and reasons to the test by comparing it to our observations of reality. This has proved to be more fruitful than debating our reasons with each other ad nauseam. When I complain, "if only people are more rationale," my complaint is that people are refusing to acknowledge easily verifiable observations or the results of scientific experiments. This goes beyond confirmation bias, it is tribalism; they refuse to accept any evidence that goes against the beliefs or practices of "their tribe" even when challenged. More discussion is not necessarily going to improve their reasons. More empathy might help, but on a global scale, compassion fatigue sets in. I am not sure how society is going to handle hyper-objects in the coming decades. I am hopeful; though I have no reason.
based
based Dag siden
Who needs reason when you got a bill gates sponsership?
Olney
Olney Dag siden
When’s Michael running for President then?
29_Soumik Laik
29_Soumik Laik Dag siden
14.30 only sheldon from big bang theory can reason like that.
RezaRob3
RezaRob3 Dag siden
Thanks for a great discussion. You made many good points. However, let me make a few remarks: 1. First, social reasoning as an evolutionary process doesn't need to be contradictory to individual reasoning, in the sense that the latter is just a sophisticated and well trained, well practiced, form of the former. In other words, "scientists" are just people who come up with much better reasons in their respective fields of expertise than normal people. As such, it would be very valuable to pay attention to them and consider their claims. 2. Yes, we often go from conclusion to reason to generalization, but there *is* a point to this: namely the generalization. A.K.A. "learning from mistakes." This process helps us make better decisions next time and become wiser people. For example, you might decide X is a liar, and then produce some reasons for why you thought that. But then, if you do this every time, you gradually form better and better lie detectors and the process might help you more reasonably evaluate someone's character as you become wiser. In other words, a "philosophical" person does "inter-social" as well as "intra-social" reasoning (applying "social reasoning" principles to one's own thoughts). 3. In these modern times, I hope we can do better than "election/reasoning by simplistic lottery." Why NOT use the many scientists and great minds that we have? I find that people often know what's good for them even if they are bad at scientific reasoning themselves: for example, someone isn't a doctor, but he still knows how to choose the best doctor out there and why they should listen to a good doctor. When you're truly sick, many of your biases against science magically disappear! Perhaps using internet and modern technology we can much better connect all people with scientists and "technocrats" and use algorithmic (maybe like the PageRank algorithm??) to pass on decisions to the right people knowledgeable to handle them? Perhaps we can find ways to respect "technocracy" and democracy at the same time?
Nick Howell
Nick Howell Dag siden
I hope Michael writes a book at some point.
{•InspirationSparks•}
{•InspirationSparks•} Dag siden
Why do we think we are real life how do we know that cartoons aren’t the real life I mean we don’t really know like for all we know there could be millions and billions of copies of us or we could be just brains floating in space just playing fake memories or we don’t exist at all it’s weird how this all works I mean we are already in the future we have robots that will soon be like us and so much more things but what if there are more universes out there with more galaxies and more planets but idk this is just my theory
Kapten Manuel
Kapten Manuel Dag siden
Already feeling like an ancient
Neil Turok Public Lecture: The Astonishing Simplicity of Everything
1:39:14
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
Ganger 2,6 mill
A History of the Infinite
2:14:10
Philosophy Overdose
Ganger 122 k
Vi driver en TYRKISK RESTAURANT! 🌯
21:28
NRK FlippKlipp
Ganger 57 k
Biggest Climbing Gym EVER!  -  New gym!
29:42
Magnus Midtbø
Ganger 104 k
Which Way Is Down?
26:11
Vsauce
Ganger 22 mill
Supertasks
21:09
Vsauce
Ganger 11 mill
The Riemann Hypothesis, Explained
16:24
Quanta Magazine
Ganger 1,5 mill
TRUE Limits Of Humanity - The Final Border We Will Never Cross
11:41
Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
Ganger 3,8 mill
The Brachistochrone
25:57
Vsauce
Ganger 13 mill
Juvenoia
23:10
Vsauce
Ganger 8 mill
How Carbon Nanotubes Will Change the World
19:35
Real Engineering
Ganger 665 k
Making transparent wood
43:55
NileRed
Ganger 4,9 mill
Spooky Coincidences?
14:45
Vsauce
Ganger 24 mill
Vi driver en TYRKISK RESTAURANT! 🌯
21:28
NRK FlippKlipp
Ganger 57 k
Biggest Climbing Gym EVER!  -  New gym!
29:42
Magnus Midtbø
Ganger 104 k
Fake Fortune Teller Prank!
24:31
NELK
Ganger 3,9 mill
Elon Musk Monologue - SNL
5:36
Saturday Night Live
Ganger 8 mill
I Got Hunted By A Real Bounty Hunter
14:21
Baelin's Route - An Epic NPC Man Adventure
36:57
Viva La Dirt League
Ganger 1,7 mill
A Crime Against Childhood
3:30
CGP Grey
Ganger 847 k
Top 100 Most Popular Summer Songs of All Time!
16:01